Watering is the most fundamental need of your garden. Here’s an overview of watering methods, tools, and conservation.


Top watering is an effective way to water your garden throughout the entire growing season. It allows you to confidently water exactly as your plants need. Top watering is highly recommended when you have recently planted as you can most effectively water the entire surface of the soil, wetting all the germinating seeds.

Drip irrigation is an effective way to water your garden once the plants are several weeks old, and have grown deeper roots. Drip Irrigation is less effective when germinating seeds as it may not soak the surface of the soil. Drip irrigation may be able to be connected to a timer allowing you to water on weekends.

  • Topwater tools:
    a. Hose and spray nozzle
    b. Watering can
    c. Upcycled watering can
  • Drip irrigation tools:
    a. Create a drip irrigation system and set up a hose splitter to water multiple beds at one time.
  • Check soil moisture to assess how much water your garden needs before watering.
  • Turn off the water when you are not using it, and fix any drips or leaks to avoid waste.
  • If water leaks out the bottom of your garden when you are watering, it likely does not need more water.
  • Apply mulch to bare soil between plants to avoid losing water to evaporation
  • Avoid watering in the heat of the day as the sun will evaporate water on the soil surface.
  • Your drip irrigation system is a great water conservation method. Drip irrigation gets water to plants roots below ground more efficiently than a hose sprayer.